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Factors That Harm Gum Health?

By 29 July 2023Dental Health2 min read

Gum health can be negatively affected by various factors. Some of the common factors that can harm gum health include:

  1. Poor Oral Hygiene: Not brushing and flossing regularly can lead to the buildup of plaque and tartar on the gumline, which can cause gum inflammation and gum disease.
  2. Smoking and Tobacco Use: Tobacco use, including smoking and chewing tobacco, is a significant risk factor for gum disease. It reduces blood flow to the gums, impairs the immune response, and hinders the healing process.
  3. Gum Disease (Periodontal Disease): Untreated or poorly managed gum disease can cause damage to the gums and supporting structures of the teeth, leading to tooth loss if left untreated.
  4. Poor Nutrition: A diet lacking in essential nutrients, especially vitamin C, can weaken the immune system and make the gums more susceptible to infections.
  5. Dry Mouth (Xerostomia): Saliva helps in rinsing away food particles and bacteria from the mouth. A lack of saliva can lead to increased bacterial growth and a higher risk of gum disease.
  6. Stress: Chronic stress can weaken the immune system and contribute to gum inflammation and periodontal disease.
  7. Hormonal Changes: Hormonal fluctuations during puberty, pregnancy, menopause, and menstruation can make the gums more sensitive and prone to gingivitis.
  8. Certain Medications: Some medications, such as certain anticonvulsants, calcium channel blockers, and immunosuppressants, can cause gum overgrowth (gingival hyperplasia) and increase the risk of gum disease.
  9. Genetic Predisposition: Some individuals may have a genetic predisposition to gum disease, making them more susceptible even with good oral hygiene practices.
  10. Teeth Grinding (Bruxism): Excessive teeth grinding can put stress on the gums and lead to gum recession.
  11. Systemic Diseases: Certain systemic diseases, such as diabetes and autoimmune disorders, can affect gum health and increase the risk of gum disease.
  12. Poorly Fitted Dental Restorations: Ill-fitting crowns, bridges, or dentures can trap food and bacteria, leading to gum irritation and inflammation.

Maintaining good oral hygiene practices, visiting the dentist regularly, and adopting a healthy lifestyle can help protect gum health and prevent gum-related problems. If you notice any signs of gum disease, such as redness, swelling, bleeding, or persistent bad breath, it’s essential to seek professional dental care promptly.

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