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Panoramic X-Ray

Get information about Panoramic X-Ray with the explanation of specialist dentist Mehmet Ali Koldas.


What is a Panoramic X-ray?

A panoramic X-ray is a type of dental imaging obtained using a machine that rotates around the head. This device uses X-rays to scan a wide area of the mouth, jaw, and teeth, combining the data into a single panoramic image. As the name suggests, it scans and combines the panoramic view of the three-dimensional structure of the mouth, jaw, and face into a single image. Unlike traditional intraoral X-rays, panoramic X-rays cover a larger area and provide information about the roots of the teeth, jawbones, sinuses, and surrounding structures.

Uses of Panoramic X-rays

Panoramic X-rays are used in diagnosing various dental and medical conditions:

  • Early detection of dental caries and gum diseases, as well as cysts and lesions in the jaws.
  • Identification of impacted teeth and jawbone abnormalities.
  • Examination of teeth and jaw structure, which is necessary for orthodontic treatment planning, providing detailed information about the alignment of teeth and jaw structure.
  • Evaluation of fractures, cracks, or other traumatic injuries.
  • Detection of tumors, cysts, or other abnormalities within the jawbone.

Advantages of Panoramic X-rays

Panoramic X-rays have many advantages. Firstly, they speed up and simplify the diagnostic process by showing a wide area in a single image. Additionally, they are less uncomfortable for patients because there is no need to place film inside the mouth. Moreover, using a lower dose of radiation reduces the amount of radiation exposure for patients. Modern digital panoramic X-rays have further reduced radiation doses. During a panoramic X-ray procedure, patients may worry about experiencing pain, nausea, or discomfort; however, such issues are not typically encountered, making it highly acceptable for patients.

Disadvantages of Panoramic X-rays

As with any technology, panoramic X-rays have some limitations. This method may be insufficient in showing detailed information, such as small cavities. Additionally, since the images are two-dimensional, some structural details may not be clearly visible. Therefore, it may be necessary to support this method with other X-ray techniques or imaging methods when needed.

Panoramic X-rays are indispensable tools in dentistry and maxillofacial surgery. By providing a single image that covers a wide area, they facilitate the diagnostic and treatment processes. They are used in many cases, including dental caries, periodontal diseases, orthodontic diagnoses, and jaw and facial traumas. Their advantages include increased patient comfort and lower radiation doses, although they may be insufficient in providing some detailed information. However, when used in conjunction with other X-ray and imaging techniques, they ensure accurate and effective patient treatment. As with other X-rays, it is recommended to avoid taking panoramic X-rays during pregnancy. Panoramic X-rays will continue to be an important part of modern dentistry, offering comprehensive information to dentists for both diagnosis and treatment planning. This technology continually evolves and improves, making patient treatment processes safer and more effective in the field of dental health.

Mehmet Ali Koldas

He was born in 1989 in Izmir. After completing his primary, secondary and high school education in Torbalı, he went to high school in İzmir Atatürk High School.

In 2007, he started studying at Ege University, Faculty of Dentistry. In 2012, he started his specialization exam in Dentistry and started his residency in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at Süleyman Demirel University.

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